Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-3-6399-9800-9;
Yiddish dialects are subsets of the major regional branches of the Yiddish language: Western Yiddish and Eastern Yiddish. Eastern Yiddish, the branch almost exclusively encountered in the contemporary speech community, includes three major dialects: Northeastern or Litvish (spoken in the Baltic States, Belarus, and adjacent areas), Central or Poylish (spoken in Poland, Galicia, areas of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Transylvania and other areas of Central Europe), and Southeastern or Ukrainish (spoken in most of the Ukraine and Romania). Western Yiddish included three dialects: Northwestern (spoken in Northern Germany and the Netherlands), Midwestern (spoken in central Germany), and Southwestern (spoken in southern Germany, France, and neighboring regions extending into Northern Italy). These have a number of clearly distinguished regional varieties, such as Judeo-Alsatian, plus many local subvarieties.
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