Social Reform Movement in Maharashtra
Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-6-1320-0144-3;
The social reform movement of 19th century Maharashtra was a mixed result of indigenous traditions and Western education. The impact of Western education was evident on the educated people of Bombay and Pune. The mass movement was carried by other leaders inspired by traditions of saints like Dnyaneshwar, Eknath, Chakradhar, Tukaram, etc., and kings like Shivaji. In 19th century Maharashtra, reformists tried to examine critically their social system and religious beliefs and gave priority to social reform as against political freedom. In their reform efforts, they had to contend with stiff opposition from the conservatives. Foremost among the reformists were Acharya Balshastri Jambhekar (1810–1846), who condemned the evil customs of sati and female infanticide, Gopal Hari Deshmukh (1823–1892) who, through his shatpatre (a bunch of letters numbering 100 - exact no. is 108) attacked orthodox Brahmans opposing social and religious reforms and...
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