Vassal and Tributary States of the Ottoman Empire
Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-6-1320-0155-9;
ism in Asia. Their number varied over time but notable were the Khanate of Crimea, Wallachia, Moldavia, Transylvania, and the Kurdish Emirates. Other states such as Bulgaria, Hungary, Serbia, and Bosnia were vassals before being absorbed into the Empire. Still others had commercial value such as Imeretia, Mingrelia, Chios, the Duchy of Naxos, and the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik). Areas such as holy cities and Venetian tributary areas of Cyprus and Zante were not fully incorporated either. Finally, some small areas such as Montenegro/Zeta and Mount Lebanon did not merit the effort of conquest and...
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