Alemdar Mustafa Pasha
Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-6-1320-0315-7;
Alemdar Mustafa Pasha (also called Bairaktar Mustafa Pasha) was an Ottoman military commander and a Grand Vizier born in Khotyn in Turkish-occupied Ukraine in 1765. Both alemdar and bairaktar mean "the standard bearer" and were the names given to the same rank in the Janissary corps. He was originally the ayan (provincial notable) of Ruscuk, and one of the strongest ayans of his time. The deposition of the reformer Sultan Selim III in 1807, and his replacement with the reactionary Mustafa IV by the Janissaries and other opponents of reform, provoked Alemdar Mustafa Pasha to lead his army of Albanians and Bosnians to Istanbul in an attempt to reinstate Selim III and restore his reforms. After he arrived, Mustafa IV ordered Selim III and Mahmud II to be killed, he succeeded in getting the former killed.
- OZON.ru 1921