Toll Roads in Great Britain
Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-6-1320-0442-0;
The history of toll roads in Great Britain has several phases, with periods between when there were few (or no) toll roads.In the 14th century, pavage grants, which had previously been made for paving the market place or streets of towns, began also to be used for maintaining some roads between towns. These grants were made by letters patent, almost invariably for a limited term, presumably the time likely to be required to pay for the required works.Responsibility for the upkeep of the roads seems to have rested with landowners, but was probably not easily enforced against them. The Parliament of England placed the upkeep of bridges to local settlements or the containing county under the Bridges Act 1530 and in 1555 the care of roads was similarly devolved to the parishes as statute labour under the Highways Act 1555. Every adult inhabitant of the parish was obliged to work four consecutive days a year on the roads, providing their own...
- OZON.ru 1921