Battle of Sinop
Lambert M. SurhoneISBN: 978-6-1320-0563-2;
The naval Battle of Sinop, or Sinope, took place on 30 November 1853 at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey, when Imperial Russian ships of the line struck and annihilated a patrol force of Ottoman frigates and corvettes anchored in the harbor. It is often considered to be the last major naval engagement during the Age of Sail.Fighting at sea between Imperial Russia and the Ottoman Empire had been going on for weeks, and the Ottomans had sent several squadrons into the Black Sea for patrol. One of these, under Osman Pasha, ended up at Sinope, joining the frigate Kaid Zafer which had been part of an earlier patrol, and being joined by a steam frigate (probably Taif) from a smaller squadron. The Ottomans had wanted to send ships of the line to Sinope, but the British ambassador in Istanbul, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, had objected to this plan, and only frigates were sent.
- OZON.ru 1453