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ISBN: 0881323411Издательство: Institute for International Economics
Between 1977 and 1997, there was a precipitous decline in the proportion of workers with median education (12 years or less) who were represented by a labor union, from 29 to 14 percent ; unionization proportions declined much less among workers with above-median education (19 to 13 percent). The union wage premium also declined for basically-educated workers, from 58 to 51 percent, whereas it rose slightly for better educated unionists, from 18 to 19 percent. Thus, whatever safety net that American unions provide was disproportionately lost by the less-educated workers who arguably need it most. In this study, Robert E. Baldwin investigates the role of changes in U.S. imports and exports in explaining this dramatic decline. The main analysis (which includes workers in manufacturing as well as service sectors) relates changes in the number of union workers across industries to changes in domestic spending, imports, exports, and the intensity in which labor is used across...