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ISBN: 0815331819Издательство: Garland Publishing
This book analyzes the reasons behind the breakdown of U.S. labor-management negotiations into strikes during the tumultuous decade of the 1970's. The author contends that there are two distinct categories of strikes: defensive, management-initiated strikes and aggressive, worker-initiated strikes. Examining a broad range of economic and social variables, the study reviews the relative bargaining power between labor and capital during defensive and aggressive strikes in the 1970's, revealing substantial differences in the conditions that led to defensive and aggressive strikes. The study shows that the probability for aggressive, worker-initiated strikes increased during improving economic times when social and economic conditions enhanced labor's strength. In contrast, the probability for defensive, management-initiated strikes increased as conditions deteriorated, enhancing management's strength. (Ph.D. dissertation, New School for Social Research, 1994; revised with new...