Downsizing in America: Reality, Causes, and Consequences
William J. Baumol, Alan S. Blinder, Edward N. WolffISBN: 0871540940;
In the 1980s and early 1990s, a substantial number of U.S. companies announced major restructuring and downsizing. But we don?t know exactly what changes in the U.S. and global economy triggered this phenomenon. Little research has been done on theunderlying causes of downsizing. Did companies actually reduce the size of their workforces, or did they simply change the composition of their workforces by firing some kinds of workers and hiring others? Downsizing in America, one of the most comprehensive analyses of the subject to date, confronts all these questions, exploring three main issues: the extent to which firms actually downsized, the factors that triggered changes in firm size, and the consequences of downsizing. The authors show that much of the conventional wisdom regarding the spate of downsizing in the 1980s and 1990s is inaccurate. Nearly half of the large firms that announced major layoffs subsequently increased their workforce by more than 10 percent within...
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