The Origins and Economic Impact of the First Bank of the United States, 1791-1797
David Jack CowenISBN: 0815338376;
This book focuses on the impact of the introduction of the First Bank of the United States (1791-1811) on the nascent financial system. The Bank dominated the financial scene of early America. Its prestigious list of clients included the United States Treasury, which deposited the bulk of the nation's money in the vaults of the Bank in return for various banking services. The stage is set by describing the background events of 1791: Treasury Secretary Hamilton's Bank Report and Congress's reaction, the script bubble for Bank shares, and the choosing of board members and their decision to create nationwide branches. The Bank's headquarters commenced business on December 12, 1791. New evidence shows how the Bank strongly affected the economy within two months of opening its doors, initially by flooding the market with its paper and then by sharply reversing course and curtailing liquidity. While the added liquidity helped initially to push a bull market in securities higher,...
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