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Eliot Freidson

Professionalism Reborn: Theory, Prophecy, and Policy

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ISBN: 0226262219, 9780226262215
Издательство: University of Chicago Press
In industrialized societies, professionals have long been valued and set apart from other workers because of their specialized knowledge and skill. But has their role in these societies declined? Of what significance are they today? In this concise synthesis of the major debates about the professions since World War II, Eliot Freidson explores several broad questions about professionalism today--what it is, what its future is likely to be, and its value to public policy. Freidson argues that because professionalism is based on specialized knowledge, it is distinct from either bureaucratic or market-based forms of work. He predicts a rebirth of the professions during which practitioners lose some of their independence and become more accountable to standards of a professional elite. And, defending professionalism as a desirable method of providing complex, discretionary services to the public, Freidson argues that market-based or bureaucratic methods would impoverish the...